Visiting the Prophet ﷺ

January 17, 2016 No Comments »
Visiting the Prophet ﷺ

When a scholar or student speaks of how the visitation of the Prophet Muhammad in Madinah al-Munawarrah should be conducted, you cannot just cut and paste and pick and choose which stance to take, because anyone can make it seem like either way is correct, so I hope to put it in context in this short compilation of quotes. Bismillah.

1} Qadi Iyad رحمه الله in his book ash-Shifa’ in the Chapter entitled:

Concerning the visit to the Prophet’s صلى الله عليه و آله و صحبه و سلم grave, the excellence of those who visit it and how he should be greeted, said:
” Visiting his grave is part of the Sunnah and is both excellent and desirable.

2} Abdullahi Ibn `Umar رضي الله عنه said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم said, “My intercession is assured for all who visit me.”…

3} However it should be noted that Imam Malik رحمه الله disliked people saying:

“We visited the grave of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم.”
He would say that people have always disagreed about the meaning of this statement.
~ Imam Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Hibban

4} Imam Ahmad رحمه الله and Ibn Hibban رحمه الله also relate and agree. People related that the Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم said: “I forbade you to visit graves, but now you can visit them.”
~ Sahih Muslim

5} This is why Imam Malik رحمه الله disliked anyone saying, “the tawaf of the visit,” or, “we visited the grave of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم ,” because people normally use that for visits between themselves, and he did not like to put the Prophet Muhammad on the same level as other people. He preferred a specific statement like:

“We greeted or sent salutations to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.””

6} Imam Malik رحمه الله said: The order of priority is to send blessings upon him before greeting the Masjid {Tahiyyat al-Masjid} and before approaching to greet him. It is permissible to say:

“So-and-so sends his greetings to you.”

7} The student of Imam Malik, a scholar in his own right Ibn Wahb رحمه الله relates from Imam Malik رحمه الله : “When one greets the Prophet صلى الله عليه وآله وصحبه وسلم , let him face the grave not the Qibla, and let him not touch the grave with his hand nor raise his voice.

8} Imam Malik رحمه الله says, “I do not think people should stand at the grave of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و آله و صحبه و سلم, but should greet and then depart”… and “It is not necessary for the people of Madinah who enter and leave the Masjid to stand at the grave. That is for strangers”… and “There is no harm in someone who comes from a journey or leaves on a journey standing at the grave of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و آله و صحبه و سلم”…
~ Al-Mabsut

9} Imam Al-Baji رحمه الله said, “There is a difference between the people of Madinah and strangers because strangers have a specific intention for doing so {visiting the grave} whereas the Madinans live there and do not intend to go there for the sake of the grave and the greeting.”

10} Another student of Imam Malik known as Ibn al-Qasim رحمه الله said,

“When the people of Madinah left or entered Madinah, I saw that they used to come to the grave and give the greeting… That is what is considered the correct thing to do.”

~ The Virtues of Imam Malik ibn Anas – The Jewels of Madinah Series


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